Puppy Care can be so much fun, but raising happy, healthy puppies also take time, patience and lots of love. You’ll probably find you have a bunch of questions, especially if this is your first puppy, plus a few worries and frustrations too. Luckily, you’ll find that the hard works is more than made up for by all the unconditional love, adoration, licks and waggy-tail moments you’ll share with your new family pet.

Puppy-proofing your home
Create a safe and friendly environment for your new puppy by following this simple checklist:
• Make sure all poisonous household items are securely stored out of puppy’s reach.
• Move or remove any poisonous plants (you can find a list of plant poisonous to dogs by searching for “plants poisonous to dogs” on a search engine like Yahoo or Google).
• Look at your house from a puppy’s point of view and remove any hazardous items.

Supplies you will need
There are certain things your puppy will need from day one, so it’s best to purchase these items in advance, if possible
• Food and water bowls
• Collar and leash (harnesses are preferred – Chins are much more comfortable with a harness rather than being pulled around by the neck. You can find harnesses at Wal-Mart, Petco, PetSmart and most pet stores)
• Brush & comb
• Safe, appropriate toys (as a general rule, if the toy can fit comfortable in a puppy’s mouth, it is too small)
• Dog bed
• Puppy/baby gate
• Supply of wee wee pads/newspaper

Feeding
Puppies have different nutritional needs than adult dogs. By feeding complete and balanced nutrition now, you can impact your dog’s lifelong health. Remember these three tips:
• Consistency. Feed your puppy the same food at the same time every day. Young puppies should be fed two-three times a day. Fresh drinking water should be available at all times.
• Don’t overfeed. Studies indicate that avoiding overfeeding may help a puppy’s development.
• Don’t be alarmed if your puppy’s appetite changes. Occasional loss of appetite or digestive upset is normal for growing puppies. Continue your consistent feeding regiment, however, should the upset become severe or last for more than a day or two, contact your veterinarian.

The first few days
Make the transition easy for your new puppy with these helpful tips:
• Decide on a name and use it consistently.
• Limit visitors for the first few days.
• Keep your puppy in your line of sight at all times for his/her safety and to establish correct behavior (unless he is in his “room” that you have designated and puppy-proofed for him)
• Teach your family the proper way to hold a puppy by placing one hand under the hindquarters and the other under the chest.
• Never pick up a puppy by the front paws or scruff of the neck.
• Do not leave a new puppy unattended with very small children or other family pets until you’re sure everyone is ready.

House-training
This is one of the most important training efforts you’ll ever make – but it doesn’t have to be difficult.
1. Establish a routine and stick to it. Take your puppy out first thing in the morning, the last thing at night and within fifteen minutes after he/she eats.
2. Until your puppy is trained, keep a constant eye on him/her and prevent accidents before they happen.
3. Crate train your puppy. As a general rule, your puppy can safely be left in a crate the number of hours that equal his/her age (in months), up to 6 hours.
4. Designate a potty area. Train your puppy to use this designated space by consistently taking him/her there and using a command like “go potty”.
5. Correct your puppy’s mistakes only when you catch him/her in the act. With a firm “NO!” pick up your puppy and take him/her to the designated potty are. Accidents will happen, so remember to be patient.

***Be patient
Most pups are not completely potty trained until they are at least 6-9 months of age. They are simply too young to understand what you are asking of them. Try to come up with a good systems to start training early but have a backup in case of accidents (such as taking them outside on a regular schedule but provide newspaper inside until they are completely trained).

Below is a standard Puppy Vaccination Schedule
I highly recommend following your vets orders and suggestions regarding vaccination and spay/neuter. Most importantly PROTECT your new puppy from the outside world, being touched/handled by many people until ALL puppy vaccination have been given.

Create table:
Age   |Vaccination

5 weeks |Parvovirus: for puppies at high risk of exposure to parvo, some veterinarians recommend vaccinating at 5 weeks. Check with your veterinarian.

6 & 9 weeks  |Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis.
    Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.

12 weeks or older |Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (age at vaccination may vary according to local law).

12-16 weeks  |Combination vaccine*
Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where is occurs.
Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.
Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if travelling to an area where it occurs.

Adult (boosters) |Combination vaccine
Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if travelling to an area where it occurs.
Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.
Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if travelling to an area where it occurs.
Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).

*A combination vaccine, often called a 5-way vaccine, usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza, and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus. The inclusion of either canine adenovirus-1 or adenovirus-2 in a vaccine will protect against both adenovirus cough and hepatitis; adenovirus-2 is highly preferred.

Puppy Care



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